5. Who was Abijam’s mother?

Posted: April 16, 2013 in Uncategorized

1ki 15:1-2 ≠ 2chron 13:1-2

1 Kings 15:1-2  In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijah became king of Judah, and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother’s name was Maacah daughter of Abishalom. 

2 Chronicles 13:1  In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abijah became king of Judah, and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother’s name was Maacah, a daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. ¶ There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 

Was Abijah’s mother Maacah the daughter of Abishalom or the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah? At first it does seem to flatly contradict, but the key is to realise that in ancient Hebrew “daughter” (בַת bat) is used for any descendant—daughter, granddaughter, great-granddaughter, etc. 

2 Samuel 14:27 reports, “Three sons and a daughter were born to Absalom. The daughter’s name was Tamar, and she became a beautiful woman.”

So it seems that Absalom’s daughter Tamar married Uriel of Gibeah and gave birth to Maacah. Whether you call her the daughter of Absalom or the daughter of Uriel depends on whether you intend to focus on her father or grandfather. 

It’s much like when I take my daughter back to my home town. Because everyone there knows my father they primarily associate my daughter with him, not me. They say, “That’s Peter’s girl, not that’s Ben’s girl.”

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